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Agronomy – key reference list

Abbott, D.L. (1960). The bourse shoot as a factor in the growth of apple fruits. Annals of Applied Biology, 48: 434-438.

Abbott, D.L. (1984) The Apple Tree: Physiology and Management. Grower Books London 90pp.

Abbott, D.L. and Bull, V. (1973). The effect of autumn temperature on flower initiation and fruit bud development. Annual Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1972, 34-35.

Abbott, D.L. and Bull, V. (1973b). The effect of summer temperature on flower initiation and fruit bud development. Annual Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1972, 35-36.

Abbott, D.L., Rubach, M. and Bishop, S.N. (1975). Factors influencing flower initiation. AnnualReport ofLongAshton Research Station for 1974, 32-33.

Abruzzese, A. Mignani, I. and Cocucci, S.M. (1995). Nutritional status in apples and June drop. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 120:174.

Alston, F.H. (1996) Incompatibility alleles and apple pollination. Acta Horticulturae, 423: 119-124.

Aiston, F.H. and Tobutt, K.R. (1989). Breeding and selection for reliable cropping in apples and pears. In: Manipulation of Fruiting (ed. C.J. Wright) Butterworth, London, pp 329-339.

Andrews, P.K. and Collier, M.L. (1995). Chemical thinning of Fuji apple. Goodfruit Grower, 46: (7): 21-25.

Anon, (1972). Pollen production. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1971, 24.

Anon, (1972b). Malus species as pollinators for apple. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1971, 26.

Baker, E., Lieberman, M. and Anderson, J.D. (1978). Inhibition of ethylene production in fruit slices by a rhizobitoxine analog and free radical scavengers. Plant Physiology, 61: 886-888.

Bain, J.M. and Robertson, R.N. (1951). The physiology of growth in apple fruits. Australian Journal of Scientific research, Series B, 4: 75-91.

Bangerth, F. (1986). Thinning of apple fruits and relations to endogenous hormones. Acta Horticulturae, 179: 605-612.

Bangerth, F. (1989). Dominance amongst fruit/sinks and the search for a correlative signal. Physiologia Plantarum, 76: 608-614.

Bangerth, F. (2000). Abscission and thinning of young fruit and their regulation by plant hormones and bioregulators. Plant Growth regulation, 31: 43-59.

Bangerth, F. and Scbröder, M. (1994). Strong synergistic effects of gibberellins with a synthetic cytokinin N-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-N-phenylurea on parthenocarpic fruit set and some other fruit characteristics of apple. Plant Growth Regulation, 15: 293-302.

Battistini, S., Bartalesi, A. and Pierson, E.S. (1990). Effect of the fungicides benomyl and carbendazim on the development of pollen tubes and on the cytoskeleton of the generative cell in Golden Delicious (Malus domestica). Abstract XXIII Tnt. Hort. Congress, Firenze, 1990. Nr. 3020.

Benedek, P. and Nagy, Cs. (1996). Flower constancy of pollinating honeybees on some fruit tree species. Acta Horticulturae, 423: 65-71.

Benedek, P. and Nyeki, J. (1997). Yield of selected apple cultivars as affected by the duration of bee pollination. Acta Horticulturae, 437: 207-211.

Bennett, R. Jago, C., Jefferies, C.J. and Stott, K.G. (1973). Self and cross-compatibility in
apple: Golden Delicious. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1972, 30-180.

Bertschinger, L., Stadler, W., Stadler, P., Weibel, F. and Schumacher, R. (1998). New methods of environmentally safe regulation of flower and fruit set and of alternate bearing of the apple crop. Acta Horticulturae, 466: 65-75.

Beyer, E.M. Jr. (1976). A potent inhibitor of ethylene action in plants. Plant Physiology, 58: 268-271.

Blasco, A.B., El Senfaz, S.M. and Jackson, J.E. (1982). The effects of rootstock on the response of Cox’s orange Pippin apple to fruit-setting hormone sprays. Journal of Horticultural Science, 57: 267-275.

Bonghi, C., Tonuti, P. and Ramina, A. (2000). Biochemical and molecular aspects of fruitlet abscission. Plant Growth Regulation, 31: 35-42.

Bonomo, R. and Tiezzi, A. (1986). Influenza dei regolatorai di crescita e fungicidi sul polline di melo in vivo ed in vitro. Rivista Ortoflorofrutticoltura Italiana, 70: 43-52.

Black, B.L., Petracek, P.D. and Bukovac, M.J. (1995). The effects of temperature on uptake of NAA by Redchief ‘Delicious’ apple leaves. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 120: 441-445.

Blaek, J. (1996). Pollination of single cultivar blocks of apple cv. Golden Delicious. Acta Horticulturae, 423: 95-102.

Bonany, J. and Camps, F. (1998). Effects of different irrigation levels on apple fruit quality. Acta Horticulturae, 466: 47-49.

Bokoviá R. and Tobutt K.R. (1999). Correlation of stylar ribonuclease enzymes with incompatibility alleles in apple. Euphytica, 107: 29-43.

Bound, S.A., Jones, K.M., Graham, B. and Oakford, M.J. (1993). Modelling the effects of timing and rates of application of benzyl adenine as a secondary thinner of ‘Fuji’ apple after ethephon. Journal of Horticultural Science, 68: 967-973.

Bound, S.A., Jones, K.M., Koen, T.B. and Oakford, M.J. (1991). The thinning effect of benzyl adenine on red ‘Fuji’ apple trees. Journal of Horticultural Science,
66: 789-794.

Bound, S.A., Jones, K.M. and Oakford, M.J. (1997). Post bloom thinning with 6-benzyladenine. Acta Horticulturae, 463: 493-499.

Brain, P. and Landsburg, J.J. (1981). Pollination, initial fruit set and fruit drop in apples; analysis using mathematical models. Journal of Horticultural science, 56: 41-54.

Braun, J. and Stösser, R. (1985). Narben- und Griffelstruktur ihr Einfluss auf Pollen keimung, -schlauchwachstum und Fruchtansatz beim Apfel. Angew. Bot. 59: 53-65.

Brewbaker, J.L. and Kwack, B.H. (1963). The essential role of calcium ions in pollen germination and pollen tube growth. American Journal of Botany, 50: 859-865.

Brewbaker, J.L. and Majumdar, S.K. (1961). Cultural studies of the pollen population effect and the self-incompatibility inhibition. American Journal of Botany, 48: 457-464.

Brittain, W.H. (1933). In: Knight R.L. (1963). Abstract bibliography of fruit breeding and genetics to 1960: Malus and Pyrus. Technical Communication Bureau of Horticulture East Malling, 29: Abstract 332.

Broohaerts, W. Janssens, G.A., Proost, P. and Broekaert, W.F. (1995). cDNA cloning and molecular analysis of two self-incompatible alleles in apple. Plant Molecular Biology, 27: 499-511.

Brookfield, P.L., Fergusen, I.B., Watkins, C.B. and Bowen, J.H. (1996). Seed number and calcium concentrations of Braeburn apple fruit. Journal of Horticultural Science, 71: 265-271.

Browning, G. (1989). The physiology of fruit set. In: Wright C.J. (ed) Manipulation of fruiting, pp 195-217. London: Butterworths.

Brunner, T. (1990). Physiological fruit tree training for intensive growing. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest. pp286.

Buban, T. and Faust, M. (1982). Flower bud induction in apple trees: Internal control and differentiation. Horticultural Reviews, 4: 174-203.

Burchill, R.T. (1963). Air borne pollen in apple orchards. Report of East Mailing Research Station for 1962, 109-111.

Buzzard, D. and Schwabe, W.W. (1995). Effect of previous crop load on stigmatic morphology of apple flowers. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 120: 566-570.

Byers, R.E., Barden, J.A. and Carbaugh, D.H. (1990a). Thinning of spur ‘Delicious’ apple by shade, terbacil, carbaryl and ethephon. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 115: 9-13.

Byers, R.E., Barden, J.A., Polomski, R.F., Young R.W. and Carbaugh, D.H. (1990b). Apple thinning by photosynthetic inhibition. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 115: 14-19.

Byers, R.E. (1993). Controlling growth of bearing apple trees with ethephon. HortScience, 28: 1103-1105.

Byers, R.E., Carbaugh, D.H., Presley, C.N. and Wolf, T.K. (1991). The influence of low light on apple fruitlet abscission. Journal of Horticultural Science, 66: 7-17.

Byrde, R.J.W., Hutcheon, J. and Harper, C.W. (1976). Side effects of benomyl. Effect on apple yield. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1975, 123.

Callejas, R. and Bangerth, F. (1997). Is auxin export of apple fruit an alternative signal for inhibition of flower bud induction? Acta Horticulturae, 463: 271-277.

Caprio, J.M. and Quamme, H.A. (1999). Weather conditions associated with apple production in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 79: 129-137.

Chen, K., Hu, G. and Lenz, F. (1998). Apple yield and quality as affected by training and shading. Acta Horticulturae, 466: 53-58.

Child, R.D., Atkins, H.A. and Jarrett, J.M. (1980). Fruit shape and size in Cox. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1979, 37.

Child, R.D., Atkins, H.A. and Rumayor Rodriguez, A.F. (1986). Effects of suppression of ethylene biosynthesis with aminoethoxyvenylglycine (AVG) on fruit set in Cox’s Orange Pippin apple. Acta Horticulturae, 170: 375-376.

Child, R.D., Atkins, H. and Williams, R.R. (1982). The effect of chemicals which inhibit ethylene biosynthesis on fruit set in apples and pears. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1981, 28-30.

Church, R.M. (1980). Fungicide sprays and pollination. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1979, 25-26.

Church, R.M. (1981). Pollination of fruit crops: Summer pruning and fruit thinning of pollinators — effects on return bloom. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1980, 27-28.

Church, R M. Copas, L.and Williams, R.R. (1984). Changes in fruit set, leaf size and shoot growth of apple caused by some fungicides, insecticides and a plant growth regulator. Journal of Horticultural Science, 59: 162-164.

Church, R., Flook, V. and Williams, R.R. (1976). Adverse effects of fungicidal sprays on the pollination of apple. Report ofLong Ashton Research Station for 1975, 27-28.

Church, R. and Williams, R.R., (1971). Pollination and fruit set: Artificial pollination. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1970, 22-23.

Church, R. and Williams, R.R. (1983).The effects pre-blossom fungicide sprays on the ability of Cox’s Orange Pippin apple flowers to produce fruit. Journal of Horticultural Science, 58: 169-172.

Church, R. and Williams, R.R. (1977). The toxicity of fungicides to apple pollen. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1976, 23.

Church, R.M. and Williams, R.R. (1980). Malus as pollinators: Flowering time and pollen production of Malus spp. and commercial apple cultivars. Report of Long Ashton Research Station for 1979, 26-27

Church, R., Williams, R.R., Morgan, N.G. and Cook, B.K. (1978). Toxicity of fungicides to apple pollen in the orchard. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1977, 22.

Costa, G. and Bagni, N. (1983). Effects of polyamines on fruit set of apple. HortScience, 18: 59-61.

Crane, E. and Walker, P. (1984). Pollination directory for world crops. International Bee Research Association, Bucks, UK.

Crasweller, R.M., Ferree, D.C., Hartman, F.O. and Smith, E. (1978). Evaluation of ornamental crab apples for pollination of apples. HortScience, 13: 365

Crasweller, R.M., Greene, G.M., Eby, V. and Miller, S.S. (1992). A chemical thinning expert system on the Penn State apple orchard consultant expert system. Acta Horticulturae, 313: 215-218.

Crowe, A.D. (1965). Effect of thinning sprays of growth substances in apple. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 86: 23-27.

Curray, A.E. and Williams, M.W. (1983). Promalin or GA3 increase pedicel and fruit length and leaf size of ‘Delicious’ apples treated with paclobutrazol. HortScience,
18: 214-215.

Dalbro, S. (1966). Befrugtningsforhod hos frugttreer. Erhervsfrugtavleren, 33:396-398.

Darbellay, C. (1998). Controlling yield and fruit quality in Magold apple orchards. Acta Horticulturae, 466: 103-107.

Dayton, D.F. (1974). Overcoming self-incompatibility in apple with kiled compatible pollen. Journal of the American Society of Horticultural Science, 99: 190-192.

Degrandi-Hoffman, G., Hoopingamer, R.A. and Pulcer, R. (1987). REDAPOL: pollination and fruit set prediction model for ‘Delicious’ apples. Environmental Entomology, 16: 309-318.

Degrandi-Hoffman, G., Mayer, D. Terry, I. and Li, D. (1995). Validation of PC-REDAPOL: Fruit set prediction model for apples. Journal of Economic Entomology, 88: 965-972.

Dekazos, E.D. (1982). Effect of aminoethoxyvinylglycine on bloom delay, fruit quality and chemical ‘pruning’ of apple trees. Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society, 95: 136-138.

Denne, M.P. (1960). The growth of apple fruitlets and the effects of early thinning on fruit development. Annals of Botany, 24: 397-406.

Dennis, F.G. (1979). Factors affecting yield in apple with emphasis on ‘Delicious’. Horticultural Reviews, 1: 395-422.

Dennis, F.G. Jr., Archibold, D.D. and Vecino, C.O. (1983). Effects of inhibitors of ethylene synthesis or action, GA4+7, and BA on fruit set of apple, sour cherry and plum. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 108: 570-573.

Dolega, K.E. and Link, H. (1998). Fruit quality in relation to fertigation. Acta Horticulturae, 466: 109-113.

Ebel, R.C., Proebsting, E.L. and Patterson, M.E. (1993). Regulated deficit irrigation may alter apple maturity, quality and storage life. HortScience, 28: 141-143.

Eccher, T. and Maffi, A. (1986). Treatments for prevention of Golden Delicious russeting. ActaHorticulturae, 179: 821-822.

El Senfaz, S.M. (1981). Studies on chemical growth regulator, bud scale removal and plant hormone effects on flower bud development and fruiting in apple. Thesis for

M.Phil, Wye College, University of London.

Faust, M. (1989). Physiology of temperate zone fruit trees. New York John Wiley and Sons.

Fedke, C. (1982). Biochemistry and physiology of herbicide action. Springer Verlag, Berlin, pp 202.

Ferree, D.C. and Palmer, J.W. (1982). Effect of spur defoliation and ringing during bloom on the fruiting, fruit mineral level, and net photosynthesis of Golden Delicious apple. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural science, 107: 1182-1186.

Flore, J.A., Disegna, E., and Breitkreuz, S. (1998). The influence of damage to PS II on yield and quality of apples. Acta Horticulturae, 466: 31.

Flore, J.A., Todd, S., Neri, D. and Peterlunger, E. (1990). Development of a bioassay to estimate variability in apple chemical thinning response to NAA. XXIII mt Hort Cong., Firenze, Italy, Abstract Contr. Papers 1. Oral no 1881.

Free, J.B. (1962). The effect of distance from pollinizer varieties on the fruit set in plum and apple orchards. Journal of Horticultural Science, 37: 262-271.

Free, J.B. (1963). The flower constancy of honey bees. Journal of Animal Ecology, 32: 119-131.

Free, J.B. (1964). Comparison of the importance of insect and wind pollination of apple trees. Nature, London., 201: 726-727.

Free, J.B. (1970). Insect pollination of crops. Academic Press, London.

Free, J.B. and Durrant, A.J. (1966). The transport of pollen by honey-bees from one foraging trip to the next. Journal of Horticultural Science, 41: 87-89.

Free, J.B., Paxton, R.J. and Waghchoure, E.S. (1991). Journal of Apicultural Research, 30: 132-136.

Free, J.B. and Spencer -Botth, Y. (1964). The effect of distance from pollinizer varieties on the fruit set of apple, pear and sweet cherry trees. Journal of Horticultural Science, 39: 54-60.

Fulford, R.M. (1962). The development of apple spur buds in relation to leaves and fruits. Proceedings of the XVIth Horticultural Congress, 3: 343-346.

Fulford, R.M. (1965). Regular and irregular bearing in Fruit Plants. Report for East Malling Research Station for 1964, 71-82.

Fulford, R.M. (1965b). The morphogenesis of apple buds. I. The activity of the apical meristem. Annals of Botany, 29: 167-180.

Fujisawa, H., Koshiyama, M., Seto, H., Yoshida, S. and Kamuro, Y. (1997). Effects of jasmonic acid compound on fruit setting, fruit growth, ripening and cold resistance. Acta Horticulturae, 463: 261-266.

Gagnieu, A. (1947). [The caryological behaviour and characters of the pollen of different varieties of apple trees of the central region of France] Ann. Agron., Paris, 365-392.

Garcia-Martinez, J.L. (1997). Gibberellin metabolism and control of fruit growth. Acta Horticulturae, 463: 39-52.

Garner, R.J. (1988). The Grafter’s Handbook 5th edition, Cassell, London 323pp.

Gettinby, A. (2001). Putting the buzz back into the orchard, Grower, March 22, 22.

Goldschmidt-Reischel, E. (1993). Ornamental apples for pollination of dessert cultivars. Acta Agriculturae Scandanavica; Soil and Plant Science, 43: 176-180.

Goldwin, G.K. (1978). Improved fruit setting with plant growth hormones. Acta Horticulturae, 80: 115-121.

Goldwin, G.K. (1981). Hormone-induced setting of Cox apple, Malus pumila, as affected by time of application and flower type. Journal of Horticultural Science, 56: 345-352.

Goldwin, G.K. and Schwabe, W.W. (1975). Parthenocarpic fruit set in Cox’s Orange Pippin apples obtained without hormones. Journal of Horticultural Science, 50: 175-178.

Goodell, K. and Thompson, J.D. (1997). Comparisons of pollen removal and deposition by honey and bumblebees visiting apple. Acta Horticulturae, 437: 103-106. 184.

Graf, H. (1997). Ergebnisse langj ahriger Versuche zur Ausdunnung. Erwerbsobstbau, 39: 2-4.

Grauslund, J. (1996). Flowering dates of pome and stone fruit cultivars – 10 years results. Acta Horticulturae, 423: 31-37.

Greene, D.W. (1980). Effect of silver nitrate, aminoethoxyvinyiglycine and gibberellins A4+7 plus 6-benzylamino purine on fruit set and development of ‘Delicious’ apples. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 105: 717-720.

Greene, D.W. (1983). Some effects of AVG on fruit set, fruit characteristics and vegetative growth of apple trees. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 108: 410-415.

Greene, D.W. (1983b). Effect of chemical thinners on fruit set and fruit characteristics of AVG-treated apples. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science,
108: 415-419.

Greene, D.W. (1993). A comparison of the effects of several cytokinins on apple fruit set and fruit quality. Acta Horticulturae, 329: 144-146.

Greene, D.W. (1993b). Effects of GA4 and GA7 on flower bud formation and russet development on apple. Journal of Horticultural Science, 68: 171-176.

Greene, D.W. (1995). Thiadiazuron effects on fruit set, fruit quality and return bloom of apples. HortScience, 30: 1238-1240.

Greene, D.W. and Autio, W.R. (1989). Evaluation of benzyladenine as a chemical thinner on ‘McIntosh’ apples. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science,
114: 68-73.

Greene, D.W. and Autio, W.R. (1994). Suggestions for use of the new post bloom thinner Accel. Fruit Notes, 18-20.

Greene, D.W. and Autio, W.R. (1994b). Combination sprays with benzyladenine to chemically thin spur-type ‘Delicious’ apples. HortScience, 29: 887-890.

Greene, D.W., Autio, W.R., Erf, J.A. and Mao, Z.Y. (1992). Mode of action of benzyl adenine when used as a chemical thinner on apples. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 117: 775-7793.

Greene, D.W. and Lord, W.J. (1983). Effects of dormant pruning, summer pruning, scoring and growth regulators on growth, yield and fruit quality of ‘Delicious’ and ‘Cortland’ apple trees. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 108: 590-595.

Gruber, J. and Bangerth, F. (1990). Diffusible IAA and dominance phenomena in fruit of apple and tomato. Physiologia Plantarum, 79: 354-358.

Hagley, E.A.C. (1983). Pesticides, pollination and fruit set on apple. Canadian Entomologist, 115: 1535-1536.

Hamer, P.J.C. (1974). Frost protection using overhead covering. Report of the East Malling Research Station for 1973, 73-75.

Hamer, P.J.C. and Boustred M.L. (1976). Frost protection. Annual Report of East Malling Research Station for 1975, 52.

Hamer, P.J.C (1980). A model to evaluate evaporative cooling of apple buds as a frost protection technique. Journal of Horticultural Science, 55: 157-163.

Hamer, P.J.C., Day, J.F. and Jones, G.A.H. (1973). Frost and frost protection studies. Report of the East Malling Research Station for 1972, 61-62.

Hamer, P.J.C. and Newman, P. (1981). Frost damage avoidance and frost protection: Mist irrigation for delaying blossoming. Annual Report of East Malling Research Station for 1980, 29-30.

Hatjina, F., Paxton, R.J. and Free, J.B. (1993). Hive entrance bristles affect bee to bee pollen transfer. Proceedings of an International Symposium on Pollination in the Tropics, 81-84.

Hauagge, R. and Cummins, J.N. (1991). Phenotypic variation of length of bud dormancy in apple cultivars and related Malus species. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 116: 100-106.

Heinemann, P.R Morrow, C.T., Crassweller, R.M., Martsolf, J.D. and Perry, K.B. (1992). A decision support programme for the protection of crops from frost. Acta Horticulturae, 313: 219-

Hedden, P. and Hoad, G.V. (1985). Hormonal regulation of fruit growth and development. iN: Regulation of sources and sinks of crop plants. Monograph 12 [Jeffcoat, B., Hawkins, A.F. and Stead, A.D – eds] 211-224 British Plant Growth regulator Working Group, Wantage, UK.

Hedden, P., Hoad, G.V.H., Gaskain, P., Lewis, M.J., Green, J.R., Furber, M. and Mander, L.N. (1993). Kaurenoids and gibberellins including newly characterised gibberellin A38 in developing apple seeds. Phytochemistry, 32: 231-237.

Helson, B.V., Barber, K.N., Kingsbury, P.D. (1994). Laboratory toxicology of six forestry insecticides to four species of bee (hymenoptera: Apoidea). Arch. Environ. Toxicol. 27: 107-114.

Hill-Cottingham, D.G. and Williams, R.R. (1967). Effect of time of application of fertilizer nitrogen on the growth, flower development and fruit set of maiden apple trees, var. Lord Lambourne, and on the distribution of total nitrogen within the tree. Journal of Horticultural Science, 42: 319-338.

Hipps, N. (1992). Fertigation in newly-planted ‘Queen Cox’ M.9 apple trees: Establishment, early growth and precocity of cropping. Journal of Horticultural Science, 67: 25-32.

Hipps, N. (in press) Effects of foliar zinc applications at different times in the growing season on tissue zinc concentrations, fruit set, yield and grade out of culinary apple trees. Acta Horticulturae, (in press).

Hoad, G.V. (1980). Growth regulators, endogenous hormones and flower initiation in apple. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1979, 199-206.

Hoad, G.V. (1984). Hormonal regulation of fruit bud formation in fruit trees. Acta Horticulturae, 149: 13-23.

Horticultural Education Association, (1962). Pollination of fruit crops II. ScientfrIc Horticulture, 15: 82-122.

Huet, J. (1973). Floral initiation in pear trees. Acta Horticulturae, 34: 193-198.

Irving, D.E., Pallesen, J.C. and Drost, J.H. (1989). Preliminary results on chemical thinning of apple blossom with ammonium thiosulphate, NAA, and ethephon. New Zealand Journal of Crop and Horticultural Science, 17: 363-365.

Jackson, J.E. and Palmer, J.W. (1977). Effects of shade on the growth and cropping of apple trees. II. Effects on components of yield. Journal of Horticultural Science, 52: 253-266

Jackson, .E., Palmer, J.W., Perring, M.A. and Sharples, R.O. (1977).  Effects of shade on the growth and cropping of apple trees. III. Effects on fruit growth, chemical composition and quality at harvest and after storage. Journal of Horticultural Science, 52: 267-282.

Jackson, J.E., Hamer, P.J.C. and Wickenden, M.J. (1983). Effects of early spring temperatures on the set of ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’ apple and year-to-year variation in its yields. Acta Horticulturae, 139: 75-82.

Janssens, G.A. Goderis, I.J., Broekaert, W.F. and Broothaerts, W. (1995). A molecular method for S-allele identification in apple based on allele-specific PCR. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 91: 691-698.

Jefferies, C.J., Flook, V.A. and Williams, R.R. (1980). Pollination of fruit crops: Cox’s Orange Pippin pollination by dispenser, and with and without a normal cross-pollen source. Report ofLongAshton Research Station for 1979, 25.

Johansen, C.A. (1977). Pesticides and pollinators. Annual Review of Entomology, 22: 177-192.

Johnson, D.S. (1992). The effect of flower and fruit thinning on the firmness of ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’ apples at harvest and after storage. Journal of Horticultural Science, 67: 95-101.

Johnson, D.S. (1994). Influence of time of flower and fruit thinning on the firmness of ‘Cox’s Orange pippin’ apples at harvest and after storage. Journal of Horticultural Science, 69: 197-203.

Johnson, D.S. (1995). Effect of flower and fruit thinning on the maturity of ‘Cox’s Orange Pippin’ apples at harvest. Journal of Horticultural Science, 70: 541-548.

Jones, H.G. and Higgs, K (1985). Water movement into and out of apple fruits. Acta Horticulturae, 171: 353-359.

Jones, H.G., Luton, M.T., Higgs, K.H. and Hamer, P.J.C. (1983). Experimental control of water status in an apple orchard. Journal of Horticultural Science, 58: 301-316.

Jones, H.G. and Samuelson, T.J. (1983). Calcium uptake by developing apple fruits. II. The role of spur leaves. Journal of Horticultural Science, 58: 183-190.

Jones, K.M., Bound, S.A., Gillard, P. and Oakford, M.J. (1997). A working model of apple thinning. Acta Horticulturae, 463: 475-480.

Jones, K.M., Bound, S.A., Oakford, M.J. and Gillard, P. (2000). Modelling thinning of pome fruits. Plant Growth Regulation, 31: 75-84

Jones, K.M. and Koen, T.B. (1985). Temperature effects on ethephon thinning of apples. Journal of Horticultural Science, 60: 21-24.

Jones, K.M. and Koen, T.B. (1986). Manipulation of blossom density and the effect of ethephon thinning of Golden Delicious. Acta Horticulturae, 179: 653-657.

Jones, K.M., Koen, T.B., Longley, S.B. and Oakford, M.J. (1988). Thinning ‘Golden delicious’ apples with naphthalene acetic acid in relation to spray concentration Journal of Horticultural Science, 63:

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